To give our garden, but especially our balcony or terrace, a cascade of fragrant flowers, the surfinie are the ideal choice. Very resistant and with very compact foliage, these plants give our balconies a touch of colour with abundant flowering in spring.
Let’s get to know this type of plant better. Surfinia is nothing more than a variety of petunia with a drooping habit.
Precisely because of this characteristic is often used to adorn the balconies, in fact we often meet with its branches hanging from the pots giving our eyes a cascade of flowers in different shades.
The surfinia, variety of the Petunia, which is a kind of dicotyledonous plants belonging to the family of the Solanaceae, originating in South America.
This variety of petunia is nothing more than a hybrid, in fact once imported into Europe and spread throughout the world, someone has thought well, given its strength and aesthetic characteristics, to create a cross between two species of petunias (Petunia nyctaginiflora with Petunia violacea), thus obtaining the surfinia.
The creation of this hybrid of Petunia was done for the first time in Japan at the end of the eighties, now very popular and widespread in our peninsula.
Surfinia are very colorful perennial plants, over time given the success of this variety, crosses and hybrids have increased.
Nowadays it is possible to find on the market surfinias with flowers of different tonalities, from the white to the lilac, from the red to the violet. The flowers, sweetly perfumed of the surfinias, have a characteristic funnel shape with a falling habit.
How To Cultivate Surfineries
These plants, if well cared for, as we said, can give us a cascade of flowers from early spring until the end of summer. However, they are quite delicate plants, they fear too rigid and frosty climates, preferring to them the more temperate ones.
Ideal Exposure For Surfineries
This variety of petunias loves sunny and poorly ventilated areas, better if sheltered from the wind, to obtain an abundant and lush flowering throughout the summer.
The surfinias grow in any soil, even if they prefer a soft and well drained, rich of organic substance.
This type of plant needs a lot of water, and with a frequency of every two days we can meet its needs, different speech in very hot and humid periods in which we must increase the frequency and water the plants every day.
However, like many other plants, it fears water stagnation so be sure that the soil is well drained and dry before watering.
These plants need periodic fertilizations at least once a month, with a liquid or granular fertilizer, specific for plants and flowers, easily available on the market.
Multiplication Of The Surfinae
They have a luxuriant growth, they can be cultivated both in the garden and in flowerpots and pots. The multiplication of this kind of plants takes place in two simple ways, by sowing or by cutting.
The Sowing Of The Surfinas
The best time for sowing surfinas is from late winter to early spring, depending on the climate and the area. Placed in pots or containers containing well-drained soil, they will be placed in covered and temperate places not below 15-16 degrees.
Keep the soil always humid and well-drained, after about 30 days the first small plants should come out. After all the seeds have sprouted, we can move our pots or containers to a sunny place.
When the plants have reached a height of about 10 cm they can be planted in individual pots or flower boxes.
Multiplication Of The Surfinas By Cuttings
One of the most used methods for the multiplication of the surfinas is surely by cuttings, that is the use of a small branch of the big plant, opposite cut and put in pot with soil or water in order to regenerate roots and then a new plant.